Even when you have decided you would go with free formats and applications, you can end up owning a device that only plays restricted multimedia formats (and do not wish to spend more money until its time to get a another one reading free and open-source formats), want to watch a DVD you’ve rented or bought, some videos on the intatubes, use some Microsoft fonts to share work documents with colleagues etc. The world is not perfect :)
For legal reasons, Ubuntu is not shipped with the packages that will allow you to use the restricted formats. In most parts of the world, you are however entitled to play and watch CDs or DVDs you own (you have paid for using the license, right?) on your Ubuntu system. It is illegal to use the packages to crack the protections and redistribute the files.
This package and the kubuntu or xubuntu flavors (kubuntu-restricted-extras, xubuntu-restricted-extras) is located in the
multiverse repositories. It will install the following:
gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly, gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse, msttcorefonts, flashplugin-nonfree, sun-java6-plugin, unrar, gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad, gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse, gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg, liblame0, libdvdread3 Installing this package will pull in support for MP3 playback and decoding, support for various other audio formats (gstreamer plugins), Microsoft fonts, Java runtime environment, Flash plugin, LAME (to create compressed audio files), and DVD playback. Please note that packages from multiverse are restricted by copyright or legal issues in some countries. See http://www.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/licensing for more information.
Enable the multiverse repositories. Here is a GUI tutorial, below is a complete
/etc/apt/sources.list file for Gutsy:
# Base. deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy main restricted universe multiverse ## Bug fix updates. deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ gutsy-updates main restricted universe multiverse # Security. deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu gutsy-security main restricted universe multiverse
/etc/apt/sources.list file and install the package with your favorite package manager. The procedure I give here is with aptitude, please use
Synaptic if you prefer.
sudo aptitude update sudo aptitude install ubuntu-restricted-extras
You’ll be pretty much set up with these.
You’ll have to accept some licenses along the install process. Use the
Tab key to get to the
OK button ;)
These are not within the Ubuntu repositories. You have to go for third party repos. Be aware that you should disable all third party repos to perform a version upgrade.
libdvdcss2 and the xxxcodecs (w32codecs, w64codecs and ppccodecs) are provided by the medibuntu project. Please look here for a tutorial.
Unfortunately, seveas repos do not have Gutsy packages yet.. Looking forward to it :)